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Complete Guide to Terpenes

The Complete Guide to Terpenes, the Chemistry of Hemp Flavors

Introduction: What are Terpenes?

Our Complete Guide to Terpenes goes into these organic compounds that produce a certain smell or flavor. They can also be found in other plants such as lemons and mangos.

These compounds help us recognize different fruits and vegetables by their smell, as well as give flavor to many dishes we cook with them. Terpenes also help identify various strains of cannabis by their smell and flavor profile.

Terpenes are typically associated with the smell of plants. These compounds can vary depending on a plant’s environment and a plant’s genetics, but they’re always a molecule that has a strong aroma. There is no specific definition for what a terpene is, just that it is aromatic and has a strong aroma.

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These compounds have been studied by scientists for decades now with their primary use being as flavor and fragrance agents in food and beverages as well as fragrances for soaps, detergents, cosmetics, etcetera.

Terpenes Chart
Terpenes chart that explains a few common terpenes.

Terpene Facts You Need To Know

Terpenes are the secret ingredients that give cannabis its unique flavor and aroma.

Terpenes are organic compounds found in plants, and these compounds influence the taste and smell of cannabis. Terpenes make up the majority of a plant’s essential oils, and can provide a variety of health benefits to humans. For example, some terpenes may be used as an anti-inflammatory or as an antidepressant.

What Makes Cannabis Smell Different? – The Role of Terpenes!

In this section, we will explore the different types of smells that cannabis gives off and how they are created. Learn why terpenes make a difference in the way cannabis smells!

Terpenes are hydrocarbons found in plants and they play a major role in creating the fragrance or flavor. There are many different types of terpenes, but one of the most common is myrcene which can be smelled in hops, thyme, mangoes, and oranges.

Myrcene is one of the most common terpenes that can be found in Cannabis plants. It can also be smelled in hops, thyme, mangoes, and oranges–but with a stronger odor. This terpene has been linked to sedative effects with some patients claiming that myrcene produces sleep.

It’s important to note that not all cannabis smells the same; in fact, each strain has its own unique aroma. While there are many different factors that play into how your weed will smell like, one factor is clear-cut: terpenes.

The 10+ Most Common Terpenes Found In Cannabis!

As we know, there is a wide variety of cannabis strains and flavors with their own unique aroma. The terpenes in the plant, as well as those we produce ourselves, make up these aromas. Some of the most common terpenes found in cannabis include limonene (citrus), linalool (floral), pinene (pine), and myrcene (musky).


Cannabis strains have a diverse set of terpenes that give the strain their distinctive aromas. Terpenes are also found in many other plants and have been shown to have medicinal qualities.

Most common cannabis terpenes:

Alpha-Pinene, Beta-Caryophyllene, Limonene, Linalool, Myrcene, Alpha-Terpineol

20 common terpenes:


Alpha-pinene is a monoterpene, the oxidation product of pinene. Alpha-pinene can exist in two isomeric forms: alpha-pinene and beta-pinene. It is an important component of turpentine and pine oil, which are distilled from dry pine wood with a high content of this compound.


Beta-caryophyllene is a terpene that is found in many different plants, including black pepper, clove, cinnamon, and hops.

Beta-caryophyllene was first identified by chemists at the University of Ghent.

Beta-caryophyllene is non-psychoactive and has been shown to mitigate anxiety and other mood disorders. It has also been shown to act as an antinflammatory agent.


Limonene is a widely used flavor and fragrance chemical. It is a colorless liquid hydrocarbon classified as a cyclic terpene.

The introduction should be about the given section topic, limonene, its definition, and how it’s used in the food industry.


Linalool is a natural fragrance that is found in many flowers, herbs, and spices. It has a floral smell that gives it an aromatic quality.

Linalool is used in different kinds of products including perfume, air fresheners, incense sticks, cleaning products etc. It can be used to make an environment feel more calm and relaxed.

Air fresheners are one of the most popular ways to use linalool because they release the fragrance into the air while keeping your home or office smelling fresh and clean at all times.


Myrcene is a terpene that can be found in cannabis flowers. It’s not just a byproduct of the cannabis plant, but actually serves an important role in the production of cannabinoids.

Myrcene has a musky, earthy odor that is reminiscent of broken leaves and pepper.

It has been shown that myrcene acts as a sedative when consumed orally, acting on the brain’s GABA receptors, thereby decreasing anxiety and stress levels to produce a calming effect.


Alpha-terpineol is a colorless, oily liquid that has a characteristic odor of pine.

It is used as a flavoring agent in the food industry for its strong flavor and as an aroma chemical.

Alpha-terpineol is commonly used as a solvent in the perfume industry. It is also used as an antiseptic, bactericide, and fungicide.


Terpinolene is a natural chemical that is found in many essential oils, such as those from lavender and nutmeg.

Terpinolene is a terpene that has a fresh, floral scent. It can be found in essential oils that come from plants like lavender and nutmeg. Terpinolene is not only used for its fragrance but also because it has antimicrobial properties.


Humulene is a monoterpene, or terpene. It is found in hops, yarrow, and other plants.

Humulene has antibiotic properties. It also has anti-inflammatory effects. There are many health benefits that come with Humulene consumption. Humulene can help with gastrointestinal problems too.


Bisabolol, also known as levomenol and bixin, is a terpene compound found in a number of plants like tomato and nutmeg.

Bisabolol terpene has a lot of medicinal properties that have been used in the past to treat acne, wounds, and other inflammatory conditions. It also smells pleasant which is why you will find it in many odor-masking products.

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